Root canal treatment, also known as endodontic therapy, deals with the treatment and restoration of the complex structures inside the teeth such as the nerves, arterioles and pulp tissues.

A tooth with an infection in the nerve can be saved from extraction using root canal treatment. Some of the common symptoms of a root canal infection are listed below:

  • Tenderness and inflammation in the gums
  • Discoloration in the tooth
  • Sensitivity to hold and cold foods
  • A sharp pain and sensitivity in the tooth while biting and chewing
  • Unexplained pain in the nearby lymph nodes

Some of the main causes of an infection in the pulp of the tooth are:

  • Chips and fractures, where a large part of the crown of the tooth gets detached, leaving the pulp tissue exposed to oral bacteria.
  • Bacterial invasion of the tooth pulp through the tiny fissures in the surface of the teeth.
  • Injury to the teeth, causing the tooth to get knocked out. Root canal therapy is often needed in such cases to properly stabilize the injured tooth.

The Root Canal Procedure

Before starting a root canal procedure, X-Rays of the teeth are taken and local anesthesia is administered to prevent the sensation of pain during treatment. Next, a dental dam is placed to isolate the infected tooth. A hole is created in the tooth surface to access the pulp chamber, through which the infected pulp and nerves are removed using dental instruments. The empty space is then shaped, cleaned and filled with a material called gutta-percha. A temporary restoration such as a filling is placed to restore the function of the tooth. During your next visit, a permanent restoration is placed over the tooth to protect it.

If you have questions or concerns about endodontic procedures, please contact our office for a consultation. Call us at 610-601-5547.